Kidney Disease & Obesity
Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. In 2014, worldwide over 600 million adults were obese.
Obesity is a potent risk factor for the development of kidney disease. It increases the risk of developing major risk factors of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), like diabetes and hypertension, and it has a direct impact on the development of CKD and end stage renal disease (ESRD): in individuals affected by obesity, the kidneys have to work harder, filtering more blood than normal (hyperfiltration) to meet the metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in function can damage the kidney and raise the risk of developing CKD in the long-term.
The good news is that obesity, as well as CKD, is largely preventable. Education and awareness of the risks of obesity and a healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition and exercise, can dramatically help in preventing obesity and kidney disease.
This year World Kidney Day promotes education about the harmful consequences of obesity and its association with kidney disease, advocating healthy lifestyle and health policy measures that make preventive behaviors an affordable option.
- WHO Obesity: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/
- The Lancet: http://press.thelancet.com/BMI.pdf
- Obesity, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Luis_Juncos2/publication/260560235_Obesity_hypertension_and_chronic_kidney_disease/links/5450fa9a0cf201441e95550a.pdf