What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure. In many countries, half of all people starting dialysis have kidney failure caused by diabetes.
Chronic Kidney Disease caused by diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. The high blood sugar when diabetes is uncontrolled damages the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys, and alters filtration by the kidneys. The first sign of this damage is finding albumin in the urine. This can be detected by a urine strip test, often called a dipstick. If there is albumin in the urine, a blood test to check kidney function (eGFR) is also needed.